Hypoglycemia – How to Use GlucaGen Hypokit – Glucagon Injection Kit for Hypoglycemic Emergency

Hypoglycemia is the term for extraordinarily reduced blood sugar. The problem could trigger long-term brain damage and also is potentially fatal. There are two types of hypoglycemia that an individual without Diabetes could have.

— Postabsorptive Hypoglycemia–.
Likewise called "Fasting Hypoglycemia"; frequently related to an underlying condition but could be idiopathic.
Fasting hypoglycemia is detected from a blood try that shows a blood glucose level below 50 mg/dL after an over night fast, in between meals, or after exercising. [ref:] — Postprandial Hypoglycemia–.
Also called "Responsive Hypoglycemia"; occurs within 4 hrs after meals [ref:] Causes are often unknown.

— Signs–.
Signs and symptoms of all sorts of hypoglycemia (including Diabetic) are similar, and it's not unusual for blood glucose degrees to be also low without any signs and symptoms. Possible symptoms include however are not limited to:.

* anxiousness.
* bad moods, irritability.
* sweating.
* intense hunger.
* shakiness, shivering.
* weakness.
* palpitations, racing heartbeat.
* problem speaking.

Someplace in the 50 mg/dl array, the majority of yous advance to neuro-glyco-penic ranges (the brain is not getting sufficient glucose) [ref:], which could lead to:.

* modifications in behavior.
* complication.
* sleepiness.
* loss of awareness.
* seizure (tonic-clonic, formerly called Grand Mal).
* coma.
* death.

— Therapy–.

***** Remain calm, yet act swiftly– the longer a person's blood sugar levels are as well reduced, the greater the opportunity of brain damage. *****.

If an individual is *** still mindful ***, they should consume or consume alcohol something containing sugar (dextrose, sugar, etc). Since hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) is not unsafe for brief amount of times like hypoglycemia, it's okay to take sugar immediately without squandering time to determine blood glucose levels. In German we have the lovely poetry phrase "erst essen, dann messen" = first eat, after that procedure). The sugar will instantly increase blood glucose degrees and need to be complied with by something gradually soaked up– complicated carbohydrates and also protein (eg, bread as well as meat, crackers and cheese)– to help maintain it and also avoid a second episode.

Care has to be required to avoid/treat a postprandial (reactive) hypoglycemic episode in the next hours after a dish or taking any type of sort of sugar.

If a person is *** subconscious *** and/or having a seizure *** DO NOT *** provide foods or fluids by mouth as it could create choking or be breathed in.

Call 911 (or comparable emergency situation services where you are).

For details on how to recognize a seizure and just what to do, see this site:.

Turn the individual on their side but in case of seizure do not restrain unless it's to avoid them from hurting themselves.

If a glucagon shot kit is readily available, infuse glucagon.

If a person's signs do not improve within 15-30 minutes of glucagon (or sugar) management, it's likely hypoglycemia was not the reason for the signs and symptoms. This is why it's ideal to call emergency services beforehand even if you assume it is a hypoglycemic episode as well as the person doesn't otherwise appear hurt, it will certainly conserve time when secs can count in situation they do need additional treatment.

After fast-acting sugars (eg: sugar, juice), give foods with slow-acting sugars (eg, bread and meat, crackers and cheese) in order to help continue to stabilize blood sugar degrees once it has been raised. Screen blood glucose up until it continues to be stable, again particularly keeping in mind that treatment of the acute episode might actually cause another one.

Adhering to a severe episode a person might stay confused for hrs as well as still need help to ensure sugar degrees support again, specifically adhering to unfamiliarity or seizure.

— Video–.
I declare no civil liberties to any of this video clip, it's put together from pictures, video clip, and details I have actually gathered from the internet for individual use, intended for informative/educational purposes only.

Original video clip was away:.

The remainder of the info was primarily from the site of Novo Nordisk Care, the business that makes the GlucaGen Hypokit:.

The pictures were from a Google search as well as this was the resource provided:.

 

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Hypoglycemia - How to Use GlucaGen Hypokit - Glucagon Injection Kit for Hypoglycemic Emergency

Hypoglycemia is the term for abnormally low blood sugar. The condition can cause permanent brain damage and is potentially fatal. There are two types of hypoglycemia that a person without Diabetes can have.

---Postabsorptive Hypoglycemia---
Also called "Fasting Hypoglycemia"; often related to an underlying disease but may be idiopathic.
Fasting hypoglycemia is diagnosed from a blood sample that shows a blood glucose level below 50 mg/dL after an overnight fast, between meals, or after physical activity. [ ref: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/hypoglycemia/#nodiabetes ]

---Postprandial Hypoglycemia---
Also called "Reactive Hypoglycemia"; occurs within 4 hours after meals [ref: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/hypoglycemia/#nodiabetes ]
Causes are often unknown.

---Symptoms---
Symptoms of all types of hypoglycemia (including Diabetic) are similar, and it's not uncommon for blood glucose levels to be too low without any symptoms. Possible symptoms include but are not limited to:

* nervousness
* moodiness, irritability
* sweating
* intense hunger
* shakiness, trembling
* weakness
* palpitations, racing heartbeat
* difficulty speaking

Somewhere in the 50 mg/dl range, most patients progress to neuro-glyco-penic ranges (the brain is not getting enough glucose) [ref: http://www.medicinenet.com/hypoglycemia/page2.htm#toce ], which may result in:

* changes in behaviour
* confusion
* drowsiness
* loss of consciousness
* seizure (tonic-clonic, previously called Grand Mal)
* coma
* death

---Treatment---

*****Stay calm, but act quickly -- the longer a person's blood glucose levels are too low, the higher the chance of brain damage.*****

If a person is ***still conscious***, they need to eat or drink something containing sugar (dextrose, glucose, etc). Since hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) is not harmful for short periods of time like hypoglycemia, it's ok to take sugar immediately without wasting time to measure blood glucose levels. In German we have the lovely rhyming phrase "erst essen, dann messen" = first eat, then measure). The sugar will immediately raise blood glucose levels and should be followed by something slowly absorbed -- complex carbs and protein (eg, bread and meat, crackers and cheese) -- to help stabilize it and avoid a second episode.

Care has to be taken to avoid/treat a postprandial (reactive) hypoglycemic episode in the next hours after a meal or taking any sort of sugar.

If a person is ***unconscious*** and/or having a seizure ***DO NOT*** administer foods or liquids by mouth as it can cause choking or be inhaled.

Call 911 (or equivalent emergency services where you are).

For information on how to recognize a seizure and what to do, see this site: http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/answerplace/Medical/seizures/types/genConvulsive/seizuretonic.cfm

Turn the person on their side but in case of seizure do not restrain unless it's to prevent them from injuring themselves.

If a glucagon injection kit is available, inject glucagon.

If a person's symptoms do not improve within 15-30 minutes of glucagon (or glucose) administration, it's likely hypoglycemia was not the cause of the symptoms. This is why it's best to call emergency services beforehand even if you think it is a hypoglycemic episode and the person doesn't otherwise seem injured, it will save time when seconds could count in case they do need further care.

After fast-acting sugars (eg: glucose, juice), give foods with slow-acting sugars (eg, bread and meat, crackers and cheese) to help continue to stabilize blood glucose levels once it has been raised. Monitor blood glucose until it remains stable, again especially keeping in mind that treatment of the acute episode may actually cause another one.

Following an acute episode a person may remain confused for hours and still need assistance to ensure glucose levels stabilize again, especially following unconsciousness or seizure.

---Video---
I claim no rights to any of this video, it's put together from photos, video, and information I've gathered from the internet for personal use, intended for informative/educational purposes only.

Original video was from here:
http://www.savevid.com/video/glucagon-kit.html

The rest of the information was mostly from the website of Novo Nordisk Care, the company that makes the GlucaGen Hypokit:
http://www.novonordiskcare.com/glucagen-hypokit-medication/

The photos were from a Google search and this was the source given:
http://meltingmama.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/2007/12/04/glucagen_hypokit.jpg

4 comments

  1. haha the amount of these things that go out of date at my work is an
    unbelievable waste of money. better to use IV glucose for 50c a bag.

  2. whats alow number

  3. 70 is not seriously low. Most people wouldn’t even feel it. But if you feel
    weak and sick and have shakes, you may be more sensitive to it than others.
    Like me. That’s how my doctor described it and called it functional
    hypoglycemia. Use foods high in protien to bring it up. 8grams or more.
    nuts,cheese,yogurt,meat. Many jerkys have up to 15grams. Eat some protien
    every 2hrs. Sugar is only a quick fix, it will boost it, but a quick drop
    will follow. PROTIEN IS A MUST. 70 wouldn’t cause siezures.

  4. For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves;
    it is the gift of God. Ephesians 2:8